Where they overlap
The term ‘art’ is very inclusive since anything in the world that appeals to the eye of the beholder is called art. The only boundary which separates art from design is that the model has the element of restraint in it. As commonly known, an artist can view their creation of art as something related to themselves. However, designers cannot do that.
The wok of the designers needs to be attractive as well as consistent. This is where art becomes dissimilar to design because art does not have to hold up to these requirements. It is also important to remember that any process of creating art starts with scratch or nothing, for instance, a blank paper. This is because it is an embodiment of the opinion or feeling of the artist. The artist produces art to share their passion with other people, to enable other people to relate to the artwork and even learn from it or the artist themselves.
This is why the most famous artworks are the ones that have been able to successfully develop an emotional bond among the painter and the audience. In comparison, when the designer produces something new, they start with something specific in mind, such as a message which they want to convey or an image that they want the audience to see. This shows us that the purpose of the designer is not to develop something new; it is to convey to the audience about something which is already existing.
The purpose of this always resonates over the idea of motivating the viewers. For instance, driving them to purchase a good, utilize a service or communicate effectively. This is why successful designs are the ones that have been able to motivate the viewers to conduct an action. Furthermore, yet another difference between art and design is how the viewers depict their message, which can often be quite different. Even though the artist wants to convey a specific feeling or perspective, it does not have to be a singular perspective. People relate to art as well as an artist in several different ways and this is only because the viewers make its interpretation in different ways.
Therefore, now that you know the distinctive features or art as well as design, you can differentiate between them easily.